educational articles
Educational Articles

The Grammar and Punctuation Glossary

  • Acronym - abbreviations formed from a name or phrase. Sometimes the abbreviation can form a word in itself. For example, BASIC refers to Beginner's All-Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code.
  • Adjective - a word whose main role is to modify a noun or pronoun, giving more detail information about the noun or pronoun. For example, "The big dog ran down the street." The word big is the adjective describing dog.
  • Adverb - any word used to modify any part of language other than the noun. Adverbs usually answers questions such as how? when? or where?
  • Antonym - any word meaning the opposite of another word. For example, soft is the antonym for hard.
  • Apostrophe - a punctuation mark used to mark the omission in one or more letters or assist in possessives in pronouns or nouns.
  • Colon - punctuation mark used when joining two independent clauses without a conjunction.
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  • Comma - punctuation mark used to separate a dependent clause from the independent clause.
  • Compound Sentence - two independent clauses joined together to form one sentence.
  • Conjunction - a word that joins two parts of a sentence. For example, words such as and, but, nor, for, or would be used in a sentence to join another idea.
  • Conjunctive Adverb - word or words that connects two clauses. They show cause and effect. Their typical use is to provide transitions from one idea to another.
  • Declarative Sentence - a statement that ends in a period or exclamation point that states an idea. It does not ask a question nor gives a command.
  • Direct Quotation - statement from another individual or source usually used to support facts relating to a given topic.
  • Ellipsis - a series of marks, typically three periods in a row, used to indicate a pause in a speech, thought, or at the end of a sentence.
  • Exclamation - an interjection or act of exclaiming when used as a noun.
  • Exclamation Point - punctuation mark that indicates strong feelings or intended to show astonishment.
  • Fragment - incomplete or unfinished part of a sentence that never finishes the thought or idea of the sentence.
  • Homophone - words that sound alike but have completely different meanings.
  • Hyphen - punctuation mark used to join words and also separate syllables which spaces should not be between the words or the hyphen except when using a suspended hyphen.
  • Linking Verb - word that connects the subject of the verb to other information about the subject and they do not express action.
  • Negative - word that can be used as an adjective, noun, verb or adverb. Usually meaning to deny or indicate denial.
  • Noun - word used to name a person, place, thing or abstract idea.
  • Paragraph - two or more sentences dealing with a particular idea or subject.
  • Period - punctuation mark placed at the end of a sentence statement after giving a complete thought of the subject or idea.
  • Phrase - group of words operating as one in a given sentence to complete an idea.
  • Plural Noun - nouns that express more than one person, place, thing or abstract idea.
  • Possessive Noun - these words show possession. They are nouns used as adjectives to modify a noun or pronoun.
  • Predicate - one of two main parts of a sentence which modifies the subject.
  • Preposition - words used to connect nouns, phrases, and pronouns in a given sentence.
  • Pronoun - word used to replace a noun or pronoun. For example, the name Michael could be converted to "he."
  • Proper Noun - noun that is the name of a specific object, place, or individual.
  • Question Mark - also known as an interrogation point is a punctuation mark that comes at the end of an interrogative sentence that replaces the period mark.
  • Quotation Mark - punctuation marks used in pairs to set off a phrase or a word.
  • Subject - one of two main constituents of a clause which the other constituent is the predicate. Usually the subject is a noun that comes in the beginning of a sentence.
  • Synonym - word having nearly the same meaning as another word or words.
  • Verb - word that usually states action or state of being in a given sentence.
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